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Established in 1953, the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India comes under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) with its head office located in New Delhi.

Students preparing for the IAS Exam or any other Government Exam should be aware of this topic.

This topic can be classified under “Education” in General Studies paper 2 of the UPSC Syllabus.

IAS aspirants can correlate such topics with current affairs in order to score more.

University Grants Commission – UGC

The UGC was established in 1953 and made into a statutory organisation with the UGC Act in 1956.

• UGC is responsible for coordinating, determining and maintaining standards of higher education.
• The University Grants Commission provides recognition to universities in India and disburses funds to such recognised universities and colleges.
• The UGC has its Head Office in New Delhi and six regional offices:
  • • Bengaluru
  • • Bhopal
  • • Guwahati
  • • Hyderabad
  • • Kolkata
  • • Pune

In 2018, the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced its plans to repeal the UGC Act, 1956.

The bill also stipulates the formation of a new body, the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).

The attempts to formalise a national educational system in India started during the British Raj. The University Grants Committee was formed in 1945 to oversee the functioning of the three central universities of the time – Aligarh, Delhi and Banaras. Its responsibility was extended in 1947 to cover all Indian universities.

The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an organisation that assesses and accredits higher education Institutions (HEIs) in India.

It is an autonomous body funded by the University Grants Commission and headquartered in Bangalore.

UGC Mandate

The UGC has the unique distinction of being the only grant-giving agency in the country which has been vested with two responsibilities: that of providing funds and that of coordination, determination and maintenance of standards in institutions of higher education. The UGC’s mandate includes:

• Promoting and coordinating university education.
• Determining and maintaining standards of teaching, examination and research in universities.
• Framing regulations on minimum standards of education.
• Monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education; disbursing grants to the universities and colleges.
• Serving as a vital link between the Union and State governments and institutions of higher learning.
• Advising the Central and State governments on the measures necessary for the improvement of university education.